Bible Commentaries

Bible commentaries are invaluable for doing serious study of biblical texts.

Commentaries differ in a number of ways. Some are technical and assume a knowledge of Hebrew or Greek. Others are more brief and are oriented to the layperson. Commentaries by authors from a “mainline” church background tend to make more use of historical criticism. Commentaries by evangelical authors generally shy away from historical criticism.

Commentaries published from about 1960 to about 2010 can be borrowed online at I have made lists of many of these commentaries here: Bible Commentaries to Borrow.

Many older Bible commentaries are also available online. You can find some of them at the Bible Hub website. Simply type in a Bible reference in the search box. Then click on the “Comment” tab, and Bible Hub will show you comments on that verse.

A comprehensive list of older commentaries that are available online is here: Older Bible Commentaries Online.

You can read these commentaries online or download them in pdf form. You can also search for commentaries using Google Books or

To consult more recent commentaries, you  have to go to a theological library or else purchase them. Commentaries can be purchased in print form. They can be purchased in digital form through Bible software companies such as Accordance or Logos.

In deciding which commentaries to use or purchase, you may find it helpful to review an Annotated Old Testament Bibliography  and a New Testament Exegesis Bibliography  published by Denver Seminary. Also useful is a website called Best Commentaries. It has a page listing the two commentaries with the highest overall rating for each book of the Bible:

There are also a couple of books that survey recent commentaries and describe their strengths and weaknesses: Old Testament Commentary Survey by Tremper Longman and New Testament Commentary Survey by D. A. Carson. (An older edition (2003) of Longman’s Old Testament Commentary Survey can be borrowed here.) Consulting these books can save money in the long run by keeping you from purchasing commentaries that are not particularly helpful.

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